Capital punishment is the execution of a person by the state as punishment for a crime. Over the ages capital punishment has been given to criminals by using various methods such as lethal injection hanging electrocution gas chamber etc. The question in front of us Is capital punishment justified death sentence as a punishment has been subject to controversies since long. The basic reason is the moral and humanitarian questions attached to it. For this, one needs to understand the death sentence by itself. In most countries, capital punishment is a method of suppressing crimes and political dissent. It is given as a punishment for premeditated murder, espionage treason or as part of military justice. In some countries even, sexual crimes such as rape sodium and adultery and drug-trafficking carry a death penalty. In china human trafficking is also regarded as capital offence. The Question that is constantly debated upon is that when should capital punishment be awarded? What sort of crime of offence would demand a capital punishment? When someone commits a heinous crime against another being, such as a person who has raped and eight month of pregnant woman, then murdered her? Or an abominable thief? Or should a serial killer with no conscience be incriminated: Some would say that life –imprisonment is an easy way out and it would also give chance to reform the criminal. There is a huge uproar everywhere against capital punishment and death sentence, saying it is immoral and that in infringes the inalienable right of life of an individual. In 1948, the United Nations adopted the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. Which is a pledge among nations of promote Fundamental Rights as the foundation of freedom, justice and peace in the world. In the fight for justice and human rights one generally forgets about the victim's right to justice. What about the psyche of the victim, who has been wronged? If the criminal has a right to live respectfully then the victim too has the same right. The person who has infringed another person's right to live peacefully and respectfully should be meted out worth similar treatment. There are numerous arguments put forward against death sentence. The classic one is that society cannot show that killing is wrong by killing. Even Gandhi said, Hate the sin, not the sinner. It is further added that capital punishment it a vengeance rather than retribution and as such, is a morally dubious concept. The anticipatory suffering of the criminal, who may be kept on death row for many years. Makes the punishment more severe than just depriving the criminal of life. Some people also argue that death sentence does not deter crime but recent studies have proved that for each inmate put to death. Three to eighteen murders have been prevented.