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Maharaja Ranjit Singh was a great visionary and much ahead of his times. After consolidating his victories and establishing an independent kingdom in Punjab, Maharaja Ranjit Singh built a unique collection of relics and jewels. In the list of these precious articles, Kalgee of Guru Gobind Singh as a relic and Koh-i-Noor as a jewel were the unique collections in his Toshakhana. The Maharaja showed much respect for the religious places dear to his Sikh, Hindu, and Muslim subjects. He gave costly gifts to temple of Jawalamukhi and shrine of Baba Farid at Pakpattan. Harmandir Sahib of Amritsar received special attention and reverence. The entire Harmandir was decorated by beautiful inlay and floral work, gold plating under the orders of the Maharaja. After that, the Harmandir Sahib was known as Swarn Mandir or Golden Temple. Whenever, Ranjit Singh, the Maharaja visited Harmandir to seek Guru's blessings, he offered invaluable gifts, which are now preserved in the Toshakhana of Golden Temple. A canopy embedded with 20 pounds of gold and studded with diamonds, emeralds, pearls and rubies, a sword with gold handle studded with jewels and pearls, a peacock made of sapphire and gilded with diamonds, rubies and other invaluable jewellry items were presented to the Darbar Sahib, Amritsar by the Maharaja. After his death and the annexation of the kingdom to the BritishEmpire in 1839, Lord Dalhousie, the then Governor General of India took keen personal interest in taking possession of the jewels and relics in the Toshakhana of the Maharaja. After getting approval from the secretary of state, all the important relics of Guru Gobind Singh were sent to England by ship after getting them heavily insured. Ranjit Singh's golden chair along with boxes, full of jewels was also dispatched to England. To ensure that young Deleep Singh, the last Sikh ruler of the kingdom of Ranjit Singh should not become a rallying point for the people of Punjab, he was surreptiously converted to Christianity and hurriedly sent to England. To minimise all chances of his return to Punjab and claiming sovereignty after becoming major, he was made to marry princess Victoria Gouramma Coorg. She was also Indian convert to Christianity and settled in Elveden Estate near Cambridge specially purchased for the young prince. Here a ceremony was arranged in which young Deleep Singh was made to present the famous Koh-i-Noor to Queen Victoria and 13 most valuable relics pertaining to Maharaja Ranjit Singh to the prince of Wales. The remaining jewellery in the Tokhakhana was either taken over by the British officials in India or auctioned to public. Thus, glory and grandeur of the mighty emıpire of a mighty ruler was finished.
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